Grandidier’s Mongoose, Galidictis grandidieri

Grandidier’s mongoose (Galidictis grandidieri) is native to the island of Madagascar. Its range is small, comprising a small area of southwestern Madagascar. It prefers to inhabit spiky forest undergrowth within this range. Its other common names include Grandidier’s vontsira and the giant-striped mongoose. This mongoose was named after Alfred Grandidier, and is one of the rarest mongooses on Earth.

Grandidier’s mongoose occurs in a range that holds the Indian civet, an introduced species, and the fossa. Because of severe climate change, the range of Grandidier’s mongoose is considerably smaller than the range it held three thousand years ago, and its prey size has decreased as well.

Grandidier’s mongoose is small, weighing an average of up to 1.3 pounds. Its pelage is greyish brown or beige in color, and it bears distinct dark stripes on its sides and back. It is a sociable creature, known to be very vocal and emit “cooing” sounds. It is active mostly at night, but it is also considered slightly crepuscular, being active during the day as well. Its diet varies between the wet and dry seasons, but mainly consists of invertebrates. Small vertebrates comprise 58 percent of its diet during arid seasons, while in wet seasons vertebrates comprise nearly 80 percent of its diet. The conservation status of Grandidier’s mongoose is “Endangered”.

Image Caption: Grandidier’s Mongoose (Galidictis grandidieri) in Tsimanampetsootsa National Park, October 2007. Credit: Grigory Morozov/Wikipedia(CC BY-SA 3.0)