The Gray Goral (Nemorhaedus goral), is a small, rough-haired ruminant native to the Himalayas. It is found in the forests of the Himalayas, usually between 3280 and 13120 feet in elevation. During the day they can be found resting on a rocky ledge and sometimes they will be found in groups of 4 to 12 individuals occupying an area of around 100 acres. They are classified by the IUCN as low risk and nearly threatened.
Gray gorals are typically 37 – 53 inches in length and weigh 77 – 92 pounds. They have gray or gray-brown coats with tan legs, lighter patches on their throats, and single dark strips along their spines. Males have short manes on their necks. Both males and females have backward-curving horns which can grow up to 7 inches in length. In addition to certain peculiarities in the form of the skull, gorals are chiefly distinguished from the closely-related serows in that they do not possess a gland below the eye, nor a corresponding depression in the skull.
The Gray Goral is most active in the early morning and late evening. Gray gorals are very agile and can run quickly, and their coloration provides them with camouflage which, especially since they spend much of the day lying still, can make them extremely difficult to see. However, they are hunted by various predators. When threatened, the gray goral will vocalize with hissing or sneezing sounds.
Gray gorals can live for 14 or 15 years. The female gives birth, usually to a single offspring, after a gestation period of 170-218 days. The young are weaned at 7 or 8 months of age and reach sexual maturity at around age 3.