The Greenland Dog is a powerful husky-type dog bred for sledding and hunting. It is speculated that this breed directly descended from dogs which Inuit settlers brought to Greenland. It originated in the Arctic coastal regions and is one of the oldest breeds in the world. The Greenland Dog falls in the Spitz group with its curly tail, thick coat and prick ears. It was used frequently for hunting and for leading expeditions alongside explorers, such as Roald Amundsen’s expedition to the Antarctic. It was, and still is, a very useful breed.
The breed has a heavy build, and it generally stands 20 to 27 inches high. Its fur is thick, double layered and medium length, with a coarse water-repellent outer coat. Its head is wedge-shaped, eyes tilted, and its ears are triangular as with most Spitz type dogs. Its legs are muscular and covered with a shorter hair. Its tail usually curls along its back. The Greenland Dog also typically has a triangular shaped “Ãºlo” on its shoulders.
The breed is chiefly valued for its working ability due to its speed and strength. Because it is a pack dog, the Greenland Dog needs a firm owner to train it, socialize it, and make it a wonderful pet.