The Guinea baboon (Papio papio) is a baboon from the Old World monkey family. The Guinea Baboon inhabits a small area in western Africa. Its range is from Guinea, Senegal, Gambia, southern Mauritania and western Mali. It has reddish brown hair and a hairless, dark-violet or black face. It has a typical dog-like face that is surrounded by a small mane. The Guinea baboon is the smallest baboon species.
It is moves during the day on land, but sleeps in trees at night. The number of suitable sleeping trees limits the group size and the range. Although little is known about its social behavior, it is likely to live in harems. Like all baboons it is omnivorous. It eats fruits, buds, roots, insects and small mammals.
Due to its small range and the loss of its habitat, the Guinea baboon is classified as “near threatened” by the IUCN.