The Icelandic chicken is a breed of landrace chicken that has been present in Iceland since its introduction into the region by the Norse during the ninth century. Although the breed has been isolated since this time, its genetic purity is low due to the importation of commercial chickens during the 1950s. During the 1970s, conservationists were able to preserve the breed, which holds a population of a few thousand individuals, and a few flocks have been exported to other countries.
During the fall, spring, and summer seasons, this breed does not hold a uniform appearance, but they all gain white earlobes and are hardy during the winter months. It is typically a docile breed and females will brood easily, laying light brown to white eggs.
Image Caption: A mostly blue Icelandic cockerel. Credit: Ryan Zierke/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)