Indian Gamma Snake, Boiga trigonata

The Indian gamma snake (Boiga trigonata) may also be referred to as the common cat snake. The species, a member of the Colubridae family, ranges throughout Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan, Nepal, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, southern Turkmenistan, southern Uzbekistan, southeastern Tajikistan, and Iran. Due to the vast areas the snake is found, habitats vary greatly from gallery forests to sparse desert shrublands.

The Indian gamma snake has a yellow, olive or pale grayish coloration. A white zigzag stripe with black outlined edges runs the length of the head with two brown bands splitting off. Typically the species reaches lengths around 3 feet. Characteristics include a medium sized body, triangular shaped head and cat shaped eyes.

The Indian gamma snake feeds on small mammals, lizards and small birds. The snake uses constriction when hunting and killing its prey. The rear-fanged snake secretes a venomous poison when biting; however it is only mildly venomous to humans causing local swelling.

Like most cat snakes, the Indian gamma snake is both nocturnal and arboreal in nature. The snake is slow, shy and rarely seen around humans.

Image Caption: Indian gamma snake (Boiga trigonata). Credit: Petrograd : Akademiia nauk/Wikipedia (public domain)