Indian Skipper Frog, Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis

The Indian Skipper Frog (Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis) known also as the Skittering Frog, is a common frog located in South Asia. They are slimy and are frequently seen at the edge of bodies of water with their eyes above the water. They noisily move away from the shore when they are disturbed, giving them their common name. They are very rarely seen outside of the water.

The vomerine teeth are in tow oblique series stretching a little beyond the hinder edge of the choanae. The head is moderate and the snout scarcely pointed. The fingers are slender and pointed, first not extending beyond the second. The toes are webbed at the tips, which are pointed. The fourth digit isn’t much longer than the third or fifth. The skin has small tubercles and units above and they have more or less distinct rows of pores. The frogs are brown or olive colored above and have two blackish streaks on the hinder side of the thighs. The male has two external vocal vesicles, opening by two slits under the angles of the mouth.

These frogs are able to leap out of the water from a floating position. A cross section of the phalange bones shows annual growth rings which may be utilized for determining their age.

This species is widely distributed from Arabia to South Asia and Southeast Asia.

Currently, there are three subspecies regarding this frog. The first, Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis seistanica, Seistan Skittering Frog. The second, Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis cyanophlyctis, Common Skittering Frog, and the third, Euphlyictis cyanophlyctis microspinulata, the Spiny Skittering Frog.

This frog is found in the microhabitat of pools of stagnant water.

Image Caption: Euphlyctis cyanophlyctus female, Bannerghatta, India. Credit: Saleem Hameed/Wikipedia (CC BY 2.5)