Inland Dotterel

The Inland Dotterel (Charadrius australis) also known as the Australian Dotterel, is a species of plover native to southern and central Australia. Its habitat is open, arid country, and distribution of the species is bound to regions with equal rainfall (mostly about 4 inches of precipitation annually).

The adult is 7.5 to 9 inches in length with a 17 to 18.5 inch wingspan. It weighs about 2.8 ounces. The upperparts are beige, mottled with dark brown. The face is pale but marked by a vertical black band crossing the eye and fore-crown. The underparts are mostly beige and white, and marked with a unique black “Y” on the breast, forming a collar on the hind neck, and joined to a black band on the belly. The band separates the lower white belly from the rich beige lower breast and flanks.

The diet of the Inland Dotterel includes seeds and invertebrates. The nest is a shallow depression on bare ground. The female lays 2 to 3 brown eggs, which are marked with irregular black spots. Incubation lasts about 28 days. The young are born precocial (able to move freely at birth) and can soon leave the nest.

This species has a very large range with no evidence of population decline and, as such, is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN.

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