Jean-Jacques Favier is a former CNES astronuoat that took to the skies on the STS-78 Columbia mission with NASA. He is also a French engineer.
Favier was born in Kehl, Germany on April 13, 1949. He attended his grade school in Strasbourg, France. In 1971, Favier attended the Grenoble Institute of Technology where he received an engineering degree. Later in 1977, he earned a PhD from the Mining School of Paris in Engineering and a PhD in metallurgy as well as physics from the University of Grenoble.
With his degrees, Favier served at the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) as the Advisor to the Director of Material Science Research Center (CEREM) and a Research Engineer. He was then assigned to the Centre National D’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) in 1983. In 1985, he became a CNES Payload Specialist, proposing the MEPHISTO French Space Agency and NASA collaboration project, which was Favier’s idea to test cellular regrowth. In 1992 and 1994, Favier was chosen as the principal investigator for the United States Microgravity Payload which featured the debut of the MEOHISTO materials processing experiment.
Because of his credentials, Favier was chosen as an substitute payload specialist on the second International Microgravity Laboratory, STS-65/ IML-2. Through this mission, he supported the crew from the Payload Operations Control Center (POCC) as a Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC/APS). He did all of this from the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. In Huntsville, he also served as a visiting professor at University of Alabama from 1994 to 1995 for his time there.
Favier’s first space flight was on the STS-78 Columbia mission that launched on June 20, 1996 at 10:49 am EDT form launch pad 39-B at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This was the fifth Life and Microgravity Spacelab mission but it was the first to mix both life science studies and an entire microgravity investigation agenda. After orbiting Earth 271 times in 405 hours and forty-eight minutes, the Space Shuttle Columbia returned Favier and his fellow crew to the Kennedy Space Center’s Runway 33 on July 7, 1996 at 8:37 am EDT.
Image Caption: Portrait astronaut Jean-Jacques Favier. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia