Kit Fox

The kit fox (Vulpes macrotis) is a relatively common North American fox. Its range extends into northern Mexico. It has a generally gray coat, with rusty tones, and a black tip to its tail. Unlike the gray fox it has no stripe along the length of its tail.


Kit foxes usually live in open desert or wide grassland, preferring dryer areas. They will dig a small den, from which they rarely venture more than a few kilometers.

Hunting/Eating Habits

Kit foxes are mostly nocturnal but sometimes venture out of their dens during the day. Kit foxes usually go out to hunt shortly after sunset, mostly eating small animals like kangaroo rats, jackrabbits, insects, fish, and small birds. Families of kit foxes can occupy the same hunting grounds, but do not generally go hunting at the same time. Kit foxes aren’t very afraid of humans and aren’t nearly as cunning as other foxes. This results in frequent trappings and poisonings.


Male and female kit foxes establish pairs during October and November. Pairs can change year to year. They mate from December to February, when they use larger family dens. Litters are born throughout March and April, usually containing 3 to 7 young foxes.