The Komondor is a Hungarian livestock guardian breed, most likely brought to Hungary by Turkish-speaking Nomads during the 12th and 13th centuries. The breed is built for guarding livestock; it is strong and well armored, and its coat allows it to blend in to a flock of sheep. The breed is still fairly common in Hungary, despite many Komondors being killed during World War II while guarding homes.
The Komondor stands 27 to 30 inches tall and is therefore one of the larger common breeds. Despite its height, the breed is not heavy; it is actually quite agile and quick. Its coat, however is heavy ““ the heaviest in the canine world. It closely resembles dreadlocks with its long, thick cording. As a puppy, the coat is soft and fluffy, and the older the dog gets, the curlier its coat becomes. Once the cords are fully formed from the undercoat combining with the outer coat, the breed rarely sheds.
The breed is generally calm and steady. Obedience does not come naturally; instead the breed must be trained in obedience early on in its life. Training also provides the mental stimulation the Komondor needs to remain happy. The breed responds best to positive training and corrections. The breed is affectionate toward its family, yet simultaneously independent. The breed tends to guard its family, home, and possessions due to instinct and can guard against the toughest of predators. The breed needs to be corrected if it is overly aggressive or out of control at the wrong time, otherwise it will believe its behavior is appropriate. If a Komondor is not properly socialized, it may be unnecessarily aggressive when presented with new things. Given the proper environment, training, and socialization, the Komondor can make an excellent family pet.
The Komondor is somewhat high-maintenance. It needs more routine ear care than most breeds, and special care needs to be taken when grooming the breed. Its foot hair can be a problem area which needs to be kept in line, and its coat should be regularly checked for parasites and its trademark coat needs to be regularly separated so as not to mat.
The breed is relatively healthy and does not suffer from many hereditary problems. There are some instances of hip dysplasia, entropion, juvenile cataracts, bloat, and parasites being problematic for the dog.