The Landseer is a breed of domestic dog that is considered a color variant of the Newfoundland by most kennel clubs. However, many organizations consider it a distinct breed known officially as the Landseer European Continental Type (E.C.T.). The breed received its common name in honor of Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, a painter who created a picture called A Distinguished Member of the Humane Society in 1868, which featured a member of the breed. It is thought that the Landseer was locally popular in England as early as the 18th century, but mass exportation of the breed did not occur until the late 18th century. The dog was known for its swimming skills and was most often used to drag fishing nets back to the shoreline, but it was also used to rescue drowning people.

The Landseer E.C.T. resembles the Newfoundland in a few ways, but is taller and does not have the profound chest of that breed. It has longer legs, making it quicker than the Newfoundland, and does not hold an undercoat, making its fur much shorter. It is easier to train than the Newfoundland and dries off more quickly, requiring less grooming. Like the Newfoundland, the Landseer E.C.T. is sweet and gentle. The Landseer E.C.T. is recognized by the FCI, which has helped it to become popular and grow in number across the world.

Image Caption: Landseer. Credit: Sunnygirl/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)