A laparoscopy is an invasive surgical procedure used in abdominal area but is much less invasive than the preceding methods. Small incisions are made in the abdomen or pelvic area in which the camera and tools are introduced to perform the surgery or inspect the area. The method before the laparoscopy involved cutting open the area completely with longer healing time and more complications. Although in the pediatric populations, abscesses have a tendency to form around the incision sites.
Uses for laparoscopy
Most types of abdominal surgeries can be completed with the use of the laparoscopy. Uses include removal of cysts or growths, repairs, appendicitis or for visualization of the reproductive system. Through a small incision in the pelvis, all of the reproductive organs can be viewed for couples having reproductive problems.
Each type of surgery performed has a different set of pre-operation instructions. Once the patient is ready for the procedure, the small incisions are made and the scope is introduced. The patient’s abdominal cavity is filled with air to improve visualization and create room for the instruments to move freely. The surgeons will be able to view the images on either a view box on the end of the scope or on a screen in the room. Once the surgeon has completed the surgery, the air is expelled and the instruments removed. The surgeon will then place stitches at the incision sites and send the patient to recovery. The patient will receive instructions on how to care for the incisions and limitations depending on the type of surgery.
Image Caption: Instruments for a laparoscopic operation. Credit: ignis/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)