Lichtenstein’s hartebeest, Alcelaphus lichtensteinii

Lichtenstein’s hartebeest (Alcelaphus lichtensteinii) is sometimes classified as Sigmoceros lichtensteinii. This antelope was named after the zoologist Martin Lichtenstein.  It can be found in southern Central Africa, and prefers floodplain and savannah habitats. It can grow to be three hundred pounds and typically reaches a height of four feet at the shoulders. The fur of Lichtenstein’s hartebeest is typically reddish brown in color, and both sexes grow curvy horns. The diet of Lichtenstein’s hartebeest consists of grass.

Lichtenstein’s hartebeest will form groups of up to fifteen females and calves that are led by one alpha male. He will mark his territory by digging boundaries with his horns in the dirt. Lead males will stand upon high areas, like termite mounds, in order to stand watch against predators. These antelope have good eyesight, but they have a poor sense of smell. They will emit snorting noises as well as loud bellows. The IUCN has given Lichtenstein’s hartebeest a conservation status of “Least Concern”.

Image Caption: Lichtenstein’s Hartebeest Antelope, Kafue, Zambia, 2003. Credit: Paul Maritz/Wikipedia(CC BY-SA 3.0)