Little Yellow-shouldered Bat, Sturnira lilium

The little yellow-shouldered bat (Sturnira lilium) is a species that is native to Central and South America. Its range is large and includes Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Bolivia, and Mexico, among many other areas. It can be found in a variety of habitats from mountainous or arid forests to tropical forests. It is typically found at elevations below 2,624 feet, although it can be found at elevations of up to 5,249 feet.

The little yellow-shouldered bat holds home ranges that vary between 3.2 and 33.6 acres and it is thought to migrate seasonally in some areas of its range. The breeding seasons of this species depend upon the rainy season and the dry season, and males will show off a shoulder gland that produces a scent during both mating seasons. The diet of this species is not well known, although it is thought to prefer a diet of mainly Solanaceae fruits, or a varied diet of 83 species of plants. There are no known major threats to this species and it occurs in numerous protected areas throughout its range. The little yellow-shouldered bat can be found on the IUCN Red List with a conservation status of “Least Concern.”

Image Caption: “Sturnira lilium”, Little Yellow-Shouldered Bat. Credit: Tobusaru/Wikipedia (CC BY 3.0)