Marsh Tit

The Marsh Tit, Parus palustris or Poecile palustris, is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread and common resident breeder throughout temperate Europe and northern Asia. It does not breed in Spain, Ireland, Scotland, or the colder northern countries. It is resident, and most birds do not migrate.

The head and neck are glossy blue-black; the chin and upper throat are black, the latter feathers edged with white. The cheeks are white, the back is sandy brown with an olive tinge, and the rump browner. The absence of the nape spot distinguishes it at once from the Coal Tit.

The wings and tail are grayish, and there is a clear bar on the former, a further distinction from the Coal Tit. The underparts are grayish white, shading into buff on the flanks. The bill is black and the legs lead-colored. Adults are about 4.5 inches long.

Their diet consists of spiders, caterpillars and other insects, and seeds of various kinds. Unlike most other tits, the Marsh Tit stores food in the winter by hiding seeds behind tree bark or other similar places. They nest in a hole in the ground or a hole in a rotten willow or trunk. It never starts a hole, but will enlarge one for its nest. They lay five to nine eggs in late April or early May and sits closely throughout hatching.