Mindanao Horned Frog, Megophrys stejnegeri

The Mindanao horned frog, also known as the Southeast Asian horned toad, is native to the Philippines and found only on the island of Mindanao. The habitat of this frog is tropical and subtropical moist forests, near ponds and rivers. The Mindanao horned frog can be found in elevations up to 1.5 miles as long as it has an ample water supply for breeding.

The Mindanao horned frog has a large head and mouth in comparison to the body. It also has pointed horn-like humps sticking out above the eyes. The body color has brown or grey patterns with warts on the skin. This species color and body make up allows the Mindanao horned frog to camouflage itself within leaves and other debris, hiding it from predators.

Most of the time, the Mindanao horned frog is hiding under leaves protected from predators and finding food. The diet consist of insects, snails, spiders, worms, and sometimes smaller frogs.

The Mindanao horned frog produce and raise the tadpoles in small pools near the streams and small ponds.

Because of limited range, pollution, loss of habitat due to logging, agricultural mining, and predators, this species is considered vulnerable on the IUCN list. Birds, snakes, fish, pets like cats and dogs, all pose a threat to the Mindanao horned frog.

Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:     Amphibia
Order:     Anura
Family:     Megophryidae

Image Caption: Megophrys stejnegeri. Credit: Pierre Fidenci/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)