The Norrbottenspets is a breed of domestic dog that originated in Sweden and Finland. This breed is of the Spitz type and originally worked as a farm dog and hunting dog, but it has recently been used as a companion pet. The breed is thought to have been in existence in Sweden since the seventeenth century, but Finland records show a different century.
The Norrbottenspets nearly became extinct after World War I and the remaining dogs were scattered into a non-Swedish speaking area. Between the 1950’s and the 1960’s, fans of the breed attempted to gather the remaining dogs and breed them to increase the breed’s numbers and in 1966, the FCI confirmed the breed and gave it a standard. The standard was changed in 1967 when the Swedish Kennel Club accepted the breed. This breed is recognized by many large organizations including the UKC, AKC, and the FCI.
The Norrbottenspets varies in size depending upon the sex, with males reaching an average height of about seventeen inches and females reaching a height of about sixteen inches. The standard does not state this, but most breeders accept a deviation of .8 inches from these heights. This breed is muscular and holds a thick, hard coat that lies flat against the body. Its undercoat is softer and may appear to be thin after shedding. The undercoat should be at least thirty percent white and contain red fur, but other colors are permitted by the breed standard including piebald. Other coloring marks, like ticking and random spots, may be allowed, but the breed standard is strict and detailed about these deviations.
Image Caption: Picture of Nordic Spitz. Credit: Kaisa Kotajärvi/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)