Parapoxviruses, belonging to the Poxviridae family, are oval, relatively large, double-stranded DNA viruses. They have a unique spiral coat that distinguishes them from other poxviruses. Some of the viruses are zoonotic but not all. Zoonotic hosts include sheep, goats, and cattle.
The New Zealand Red Deer is the most recent species to have been found with Parapoxvirus. The viruses tend to cause lesions which range in size depending on the case. It’s not reported too often but some believe infections happen a lot more often than reported.