Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf is located in the western part of Asia between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. It’s an addition to the Indian Ocean.

The Gulf was the focal point of the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War, which each side assaulted the other’s oil tankers. In the year 1991, the Persian Gulf again was the background for what was known as the “Persian Gulf War” or otherwise known as the “Gulf War”, despite the fact that this disagreement was mainly a land conflict, when Iraq raided Kuwait and was later pushed back.

The gulf has a number of good fishing grounds, wide-ranging coral reefs, and plentiful pearl oysters, but the ecology has come under pressure from industrialization and, especially, oil and petroleum spills during the wars in that region.

This gulf is an inland sea of some 96,912 square miles and is connected to the Gulf of Oman towards the east via the Strait of Hormuz; and its western edge is marked by the major river delta of the Shatt al-Arab, which transports the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris. The length is roughly 989 kilometers, with Iran covering the majority of the northern coast and Saudi Arabia covering the majority of the southern coast. The narrowest portion of the gulf is about 56 kilometers wide, in the Strait of Hormuz. The waters are generally very shallow, with the maximum depth being 90 meters and an average depth of 50 meters.

The Persian Gulf has hosted some of the most marvelous marine fauna and flora despite it being totally unique due to the gulf’s geographic distribution and its isolation from the international waters only penetrated by the narrow Strait of Hormuz. Some of the marvelous creatures are near extinction or at serious environmental risk. From corals, to dugongs, the Persian Gulf hosts a variety of species that depend on each other for their survival.

Image Caption: Persian Gulf. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia