Peruvian Hairless Dog

The Peruvian Hairless Dog is an ancient Peruvian breed which was and is often kept as a pet in the region. It is one of a few breeds of hairless dog that exist, and it is very similar to the Xoloitzcuintli in particular. They lived in the coastal areas during pre-Incan times but nearly became extinct with the Spanish conquest of Peru. However, the breed survived.

The Peruvian Hairless dog is generally completely hairless but it may have very short hair on its head, feet, and tail. The skin color of the breed is chocolate, grey, copper, or mottled, some with pink spots. The breed has flame-shaped erect ears and brown eyes. The breed ranges from 10 to 26 inches tall and weighs 9 to 55 pounds, depending on its type: miniature, medium, or large. The breed is slender and almost perfectly proportionate. It has fewer teeth than other breeds due to genetics.

The breed is affectionate and noble, yet alert. The breed adores and cares for those near to him, to the point that it does not enjoy solitude, but it is suspicious of strangers. The breed needs to be trained and socialized early, and does not make a good “beginner pet”. The Peruvian Hairless owner needs to have the patience, time, and know-how to deal with maintenance aspects of the breed.

Although the breed has no hair, it still needs as much if not more grooming care than other breeds. The breed tends to have acne, and sometimes on the other end of the spectrum, dry skin. It needs to be moisturized and cleaned frequently. Sun protection may also be necessary for the breed, as it tends to sunburn. The same goes for protection from chilly weather. This sensitivity varies from dog to dog. The ears of the breed also need attention, due to the fact that they can dry out easily.

The Peruvian Hairless Dog, like most breeds, has some health problems. These problems include seizures, stroke, skin lesions, and IBD.