The Phalène is the drop-eared version of a toy breed known as the Papillon. It is the earliest form of the breed, and was a breed used primarily as a companion dog to royalty and the upper class.

The breed is generally the same as the Papillon, which is a small, elegant, fine-boned breed which generally stands 8 to 11 inches tall and weighs 6 to 10 pounds. The coat of the breed is generally white with brown or black markings. It is silky and long, and the tail and ears are covered with a good deal of fringe. Color covers its eyes and ears. The predominant difference in the two breeds is its ears, which are dropped instead of erect, yet still sit fairly high on its head.

The Phalène, which translates to “moth” is has never been quite as popular as the Papillon, or the “butterfly”. The breed became remarkably obscure by the mid 20th century, but the 21st century has seen a revival of the breed. In most rings, the breed is only considered a variant of the Papillon instead of its own breed, but it several it is a separate breed.

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