The Pomeranian is a spitz-type breed which originated from the sled dogs of Greenland and Lapland. Its ancestors were brought into Pomerania, a region of Europe bordered by the Baltic Sea, the Rügen Island, and the Vistula River. English breeders reduced the dog’s size and developed more coat colors. Today’s Pomeranian is considered a toy breed.

The Pomeranian is a balanced, square breed. It generally weighs between 3 and 7 pounds but may weigh up to 15. The coat of the Pomeranian is double, with a soft, thick undercoat and a long, coarse topcoat. It can be one of many colors: black, black and tan, blue, blue and tan, chocolate, chocolate and tan, cream, cream sable, orange, orange sable, red, red sable, sable, brindle, beaver, chocolate sable, white, and wolf sable. It has an alert expression, high-set ears, and a flat tail which turns over the back.

The breed is alert and intelligent. It is an excellent companion and a wonderful watchdog. It can be stubborn as well as playful, and it needs plenty of training and socialization at a young age. It also needs a good deal of attention.

The breed is somewhat high maintenance, due to its coat. It needs a daily coat brushing in order to keep it mat-free, as well as prevent dry skin and dandruff. It needs to be trimmed fairly regularly as well. The teeth, ears, and nails of the breed need to be regularly cared for. The Pomeranian only needs to be bathed occasionally, so as not to strip the skin and hair of its natural oils.

The Pomeranian generally lives from 12 to 19 years. It may have many health problems in its lifetime. These include luxating patella, Legg-Calve-Perthes Syndrome, hip dysplasia, patent ductus arteriosus, collapsing trachea, dry eye, tear duct disorder, allergies, follicular dysplasia, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, and hypoglycemia.