Red-breasted Nuthatch

The Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis), is a small songbird found in coniferous forests across Canada, Alaska and the northeastern and western United States. They are also found as far south as Baja California, Mexico. They are mainly resident but more northerly birds may migrate further south into the United States if the food supply fails. It is a rare vagrant to western Europe and one bird successfully over wintered in Great Britain.

Adults have blue-gray upperparts with reddish underparts. They have a white face with black stripe through the eyes, a white throat, straight gray bill and a black crown. Its call sounds like a tin trumpet and is like that of the White-breasted Nuthatch, but is higher in pitch.

It excavates a nest in a dead wood, often close to the ground. They smear the entrance with pitch. They forage in trees on the trunk or in large branches. They usually descend down the tree and sometimes will catch insects in flight. Their diet is insects and seeds.

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