Red-headed Woodpecker

The Red-headed Woodpecker, (Melanerpes erythrocephalus), is a small or medium-sized woodpecker. Adults have a black back and tail with a red head and neck. Their undersides are mainly white. The primary wings are black with white secondary wings.

Their breeding habitat is open country across southern Canada and the eastern-central United States. They nest in a hole in a dead tree or a dead part of a tree. Northern birds migrate to the southern parts of the range; southern birds are often permanent residents. Many Northeastern states no longer have nesting red-headed woodpeckers.

These birds fly to catch insects in the air or on the ground, forage on trees or gather and store nuts. They are omnivorous, eating insects, seeds, fruits, berries and nuts.