Red-shouldered Macaw, Diopsittaca nobilis

The Red-shouldered Macaw (Diopsittaca nobilis), also known as the Noble Macaw, Long-wing Macaw, and Hahn’s Macaw, is a species of parrot native to Venezuela, the Guianas, Bolivia, Brazil, and far south-eastern Peru. It is found mostly in tropical lowlands, savannah and swamplands. This is not considered an endangered species, although populations in the wild have declined due to habitat loss. Though not considered endangered, it is illegal to export wild caught birds of this species.

The adult is about 12 inches long and is the smallest of the macaws. It has a long narrow tail and a large head. The body feathers are bright green. The head feathers above the beak are slate to dark blue. Wings and tail feathers are bright green above and olive-green below. The leading edges of the wings are reddish. It has bare facial skin and orange eyes. The speech of the Red-shouldered Macaw is near human-like and can be easily understood, but their natural vocalizations are more screech-like than whistle-like.

The nest of this species is a hole in a tree. The female lays three to four white eggs and incubates them for 24 to 26 days. The young learn to fly in about 54 days once hatched.

Image Caption: A Red-shouldered Noble Macaw at Parque das Aves, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil. Credit: Chad Bordes/Wikipedia (CC Attribution 3.0)