Ringneck Blenny, Parablennius pilicornis

Image Caption: photographed near Livorno (Tuscany, Italy). Credit: Stefano Guerrieri/Wikipedia

The ringneck blenny is found widespread in coastal waters of the Eastern Atlantic around Spain, Portugal, Mowe Bay, and Namibia, also found in the Mediterranean around Morocco and Algeria. In the Southwest Atlantic the ringneck blenny is found off Brazil, Patagonia, and Argentina, and in the Western Indian Ocean from Natal to South Africa. The habitat of the ringneck blenny is rocky shores, and often found in surf exposed under water cliffs.

The color of the ringneck blenny varies, but all share the same pattern characteristics, with the body having dark bands above, dark spots below, and two dark bands under the head. The dorsal fin has 11 – 12 spines, with 18 – 24 soft rays occasionally having many spots, and the anal fin has 2 spines and 20 – 25 soft rays. The pectoral fins are pale in color. The length of this blenny can reach up to five inches.

The diet consists of a variety of food including algae, weeds, mollusks, crustaceans, sponges, and worms.

The eggs are fertilized externally when laid, adhere to bottom structures and are guarded.

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Blenniidae