SAIPA (Societe Anonyme Iranienne de Production Automobile) is the second largest Iranian auto manufacturing company. It was established in 1966 to assemble Citroens, the first car company to mass-produce vehicles outside the United States.

Initially, SAIPA assembled vehicles for the Iranian market, but today, it concentrates on manufacturing Korean cars, developing its own engines and vehicles.

The CEO of SAIPA is Nematollah Poustindouz and its subsidiaries are Saipa Diesel, Pars Khodro and Zamyad Co. It has also signed an agreement with Proton to develop a compact sedan to replace the SAIPA Pride.

The first vehicle SAIPA assembled was in 1968, a two-cylinder mini passenger car called the Dyane (Jyane in Iran). Another vehicle produced was the Baby-Brousse, built from 1970-1979.

From 1975-1994 SAIPA manufactured versions of the Renault 5 and later the Renault 21 ended in 1997. Citroen productions ended in 1980.

From 1986-1998, the company built the Z24 pickup, which was a version of the Nissan Jr. built from 1970-1980. In 1998 SAIPA acquired the Zamyad company who took over production of the Z24 and has been sold under the Zamyad brand since 2003.

In 1993, production of the KIA Pride began. From 2001-2010, SAIPA produced the Citroen Xantia and assembled the Kia Rio from 2005 to 2012.

In 2000, 51 percent of Pars Khodro was purchased and in a partnership with Renault (Renault Pars), manufactured the Citroen C5, the Renault Tondar 90 and Renault Logan. In the first week of going on sale, over 100,000 orders were taken.

In-house production models began in 2000 with the 701 Caravan minivan that was redesigned in 2003. In 2008, the “SAIPA National Engine 231” was launched.

In December 2008, SAIPA released a new model, the Tiba/Miniator. It had a four-cylinder engine, ABS system and contained parts or services from 122 different local manufactures. In 2009, 15,000 Tiba were produced with 200,000 estimated units to be manufactured per year for the next three years with Kashan SAIPA subsidiary.

Other models produced by SAIPA: the lift-back SAIPA 141 in 2002, the SAIPA 132 in 2007, the SAIPA 111 in 2009 and the SAIPA 151 pickup in 2012.

Image Caption: The SAIPA Tiba in Kermanshah, Iran. Credit: Drsaeed90/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)