Salmonella enterica is a subspecies of Salmonella enterica, the rod shaped, flagellated, aerobic, Gram-negative bacterium. It is a member of the genus Salmonella and many of the pathogenic serovars of the S. enterica species are in this subspecies.
Serovars can be designated fully or in a shortened form. The genus, Salmonella, is on the short form lists which are followed by the capitalized and non-italicized serovar. Each serovar can have many strains as well, which allows for a rapid increase in the total number of antigenically variable bacteria.