Scarlet Dwarf, Nannophya pygmaea

The scarlet dwarf (Nannophya pygmaea), also known as the tiny dragonfly or the northern pygmyfly, is a species of dragonfly that can be found in Southeast Asia. Its range extends to Australia and includes China, India, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Taiwan, among other areas. Like other dragonflies, this species prefers to reside near slow or still water sources. It is the smallest species of dragonfly, with a wingspan of only .7 inches, and males are red in color.

The scarlet dwarf is thought to have a stable population, especially in areas where its habitat has not been disturbed. However, it is threatened by habitat loss in many areas of its range, due to increasing agricultural practices and urban development. Research regarding its population numbers and threats is recommended. The scarlet dwarf appears on the IUCN Red List with a conservation status of “Least Concern.â€

Image Caption: Nannophya pygmaea (Scarlet Dwarf), male in Japan. Credit: Alpsdake/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)