Sky — Although almost everyone have seen it, sky is hard to be defined precisely. Generally, sky is the space seen when one looks upward from the surface of a planet. Some people define sky as the denser gaseous zone of a planet’s atmosphere.

Clouds, rainbows and weather all occur amongst a planet’s sky.

In astronomy, the sky is divided into many regions, called constellations.

The blue colour of the daytime sky results from the selective scattering of light rays. When the sunlight enters the Earth’s atmosphere, the rays with the longest wavelengths (reds and yellows) travel most easily to the surface.

The shorter wavelengths of the visible spectrum (blue) are scattered by the molecules of the atmosphere. This scattering only affects a small portion of the light from the Sun, which appears pale yellow in the blue sky. In space, the Sun appears white.

The sky appears its deepest blue when the air is dry and clean. Water vapour and dust scatter all colours of light, causing the blue to appear washed-out and pale.

Image Credit: Jessie Eastland/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)


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