Spanish painted frog, Discoglossus jeanneae

The Spanish painted frog is found in Spain in and around rivers, swamps, freshwater marshes, meadows, and pastures. This species thrives where there are limestone or gypsum soils at sea level up to 6,500 feet in elevation.

The Spanish painted frog is a medium-sized frog that has a dark colored body with spots or stripes. The belly of this species is pale white or yellow. The skin is smooth with two lines of skin from behind the eyes running the length of the body. These lines are glands that secrete a substance used by the body. It has a pointed snout and rounded pupils in the eyes. The rear toes are webbed in the male of this species, but is absent in the front toes. Females and juvenile Spanish painted frogs also do not have any webbing between the fingers or toes. The male is slightly larger than the female. Average size for the male is 2.5 inches; the female is 2.3 inches.

The Spanish painted frog feeds mainly on insects, worms, and on the young of other frogs and toads. It may also feed on spiders, snails, and slugs. The tadpole feeds on vegetation.

The eggs of this species are laid in small shallow bodies of water. The egg cluster normally contains 300 – 700 eggs, but the female can lay up to 1,500. The egg will hatch in 2 to 9 days.

Due to habitat loss, drought, and climate change, this species is near threatened on the Endangered Species list. This species has also become extinct in some regions.

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Amphibia

Order: Anura

Family: Discoglossidae

Image Caption: Spanish painted frog (Discoglossus jeanneae). Credit: David Perez/Wikipedia (CC BY 3.0)