Spotted Eagle Owl
The Spotted Eagle Owl (Bubo africanus) is a species of horned owls.
They inhabit most of Africa south to the Sahara Desert away from dense forests. They are nocturnal hunters spending the day concealed in trees, rock ledges or abandoned burrows. They are found in areas with rocky outcroppings, scrub land open woods and semi deserts.
It is a medium sized owl and one of the smallest Eagle owls. Their height is around 18 inches and weighs from 1 to 1.8 pounds. Their wingspan is 13 inches tip to tip. The facial disc is off-white to a pale yellow and the eyes are yellow. They have prominent ear tufts and the upper body is dusky brown with lower parts off-white with brown bars.
Spotted Eagle Owls mate for life. They are able to breed at around one year of age. They usually nest on the ground or occasionally a window box and the female lays two to four eggs. The incubation period lasts approximately thirty two days. The young can fly at around seven weeks and leave the nest at about twelve weeks of age.
This bird is carnivorous and their diet consists of small mammals, birds, insects and reptiles. They have a lifespan of up to ten years in the wild and as much as twenty years in captivity.