The Tailless Tenrec, (Tenrec ecaudatus), also known as the Common Tenrec, is a species of mammal in the Tenrecidae family. It is the only member of its genus. It is found in Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, and Seychelles. It has many habitats within its range, including subtropical and tropical moist lowland or dry forests, subtropical and tropical moist mountains, savanna, shrublands, grasslands, plantations, rural gardens and even urban settings.
This is the largest land-dwelling species of Tenrec at 10 to 15.5 inches in length. It weighs 3.25 to 5.5 pounds at adulthood. It has medium-sized, coarse gray to reddish-gray fur and long, sharp spines over its body.
The diet of the Tailless Tenrec consists of small invertebrates it forages for in leaf litter, as well as frogs and mice. When threatened, it may scream out, erect its spiny hairs to a crest, jump, buck, and bite.
The shelter is a nest of grass and leaves, usually under a rock, log or bush during the daytime. After a gestation period of 50 to 60 days, the female gives birth to a litter of up to 32 young, but more likely between 15 and 20. The young have a black-and-white appearance.
Despite its name, the Tailless Tenrec does have a small tail, typically .38 to .50 inches in length.