Theiophytalia, meaning “divine garden of the gods,” is a genus of dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Period and lived in what is now Colorado. “˜Garden of the Gods’ is a park near Colorado Springs, Colorado, where a partial skull was found in 1878. It is the only fossil known belonging to this genus. The type species, T. kerri, honors James Hutchinson Kerr, who discovered the skull.

The partial skull was originally referred to as belonging to Camptosaurus amplus by Charles Whitney Gilmore. He used the skull to reconstruct the skull of Camptosaurus assuming that it came from the Morrison Formation. However, further inspection of the skull and samples of the Mesozoic formations in the garden of the Gods showed that the skull actually derived from the Purgatoire Formation.

Detailed comparisons of the skull by Brill and Carpenter (2006) showed that the skull differed in a number of key features from that of Camptosaurus, namely: a longer, heavier, and more wrinkled snout.

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