The Transylvanian hound is a domestic breed of hunting dog that originated in Hungary. The ancient breed was developed when hounds traveled with Magyar tribes into Hungary in the ninth century, who bred them with Polish hounds and local breeds. Hungarian kings used the breed to hunt bears, wolves, foxes, and other creatures, but by the twentieth century, it was on the verge of extinction. In 1986, breeders began saving it, but it is still rare and can only be found outside of Hungary in Romania.
The Transylvanian hound comes in two size variants that hunt game appropriate to their size, with the difference occurring in the length of the legs and coloring. The taller variant, reaching a height between twenty-two and twenty-six inches, is typically black in color with white markings occurring on the feet, chest, forehead, and tip of the tail. The smaller variety reaches a height between eighteen and twenty inches and is typically reddish brown in color with white markings.
The Transylvanian hound is known for its friendly and loyal nature, but it is also a good guard dog and can be territorial of its home and people. Any guarding behaviors shown towards perceived threats are typically solved when an owner invites a strange person or animal into the yard or home. The breed makes a great pet companion due to its loving demeanor. The Transylvanian hound is recognized by the FCI and UKC.
Image Caption: Transylvanian hound female, Vadász Nimród Szeder in Urom, Hungary. Credit: Lnko2323/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)