Tyrrhenian Sea

The Tyrrhenian Sea is a portion of the Mediterranean Sea off of the western coast of Italy.

This sea is bordered by Corsica and Sardinia to the west, Tuscany, Campania, Basilicata, Calabria, and Lazio towards the east, and Sicily towards the south.

The maximum depth of the Tyrrhenian Sea is 12,418 feet.

It is located near where the African and European tectonic plates meet; therefore mountain chains and active volcanoes for example, Mount Marsili, are found. The eight Aeolian Islands and Ustica are found in the southern part of the sea, north of Sicily.

The Tyrrhenian Sea is separated into two basins, or plains, the Vavilov plain and the Marsili plain. They are divided by the undersea ridge known as the Issel Bridge.

The name comes from the Greek name for the Etruscans, who were said to the emigrants from Lydia and led by the prince Tyrrhenus. The Etruscans settled alongside the coast of modern Tuscany are a reference to the water as the “Sea of the Etruscans”.

Image Caption: Capo Vaticano (beach). Credit: Marcomob/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)