The Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), is an antelope found throughout Africa, except in the northern regions. Their habitat is scrub savanna areas near water where they eat grass. Despite its name, the waterbuck does not spend much time in the water, but will take refuge there to escape predators.
Waterbuck stand 39 to 51 inches at the shoulder and weigh from 350 to 530 pounds. Their coats are reddish brown in color and become progressively darker with age. They also have a white ‘bib’ under their throats and a white ring on their rumps surrounding their tails. The waterproofing secretions of the waterbuck’s sweat glands produces an unpleasant odor in its meat. The long spiral structured horns, found only in males, sweep back and up.
Waterbuck are diurnal. Females gather in herds of between two and six hundred individuals. Males keep territories of around three hundred acres during their prime. They usually lose their territories before the age of ten.