White Lipped Snail, Cepaea hortensis

The White-lipped Snail (Cepaea hortensis) is a medium sized species of air breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk. It’s a close relative of the grove snail.

The White-lipped Snail is fairly smaller than the grove snail, the shell usually being about 1 inch in maximum dimension. Like the grove snail, it has substantial variability in shell color and banding; although the shell of the white-lipped snail is perhaps most commonly yellow, with or without the brown banding. The main distinguishing feature of this species is a white colored lip at the aperture of the shell in the adult specimens, although very rarely the brown lipped grove snail can have a white colored lip, and vice versa.

The native distribution regarding this species is Western Europe and Central Europe. The range of the White-lipped Snail stretches closer to the Arctic in Northern Europe than the range of the grove snail. This snail has been introduced to northeastern portions of the USA, but has not established itself as successfully as the grove snail.

The two different species share many of the same habitats, such as woods, grassland, and dunes, but the white-lipped snail tolerates wetter and colder conditions than the grove snail can.

This species creates and uses love darts while mating.

The eggs measure 2 millimeters.

Image Caption: The white-lipped snail (Cepaea hortensis). Credit: Mad Max/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0)