Wonga Pigeon

The Wonga Pigeon, Leucosarcia melanoleuca, is a pigeon that inhabits areas in eastern Australia with its range being from Central Queensland to Gippsland, eastern Victoria, Australia. They tend to occur on the ground foraging and are located in rainforests, wet eucalypt forests, coastal forests, picnic areas, walking tracks, car parks and gardens.

The Wonga Pigeon is a large, plump pigeon that has a short neck, broad wings and a long tail. Its length varies from 15.2 to 16 inches. It has pastel blue-gray back feathers. The head fades to a creamy-white color. The underside is white with dotted dark grey spots such that a white V can be seen on its chest. They eyes are a dark red-brown color and they have pink eye-rings that encircle them. Legs are red and the genders appear identical but immature pigeons are browner with a less distinct V pattern.

Their diet consists of fruit, berries, seeds from native forest trees and the odd insect. It is monogamous and breeds between October and January. It produces a twig platform nest with a diameter of 11.8 inches. The nest is built from about 10 to 65 feet above the ground and defending by breeding pairs. The pigeon will sometimes use abandoned nests from Topknot Pigeons or Tawny Frogmouths. Two large eggs are normally laid. The eggs are up to 1.5 inches in length.