Wrinkle-faced Bat, Centurio senex

The wrinkle-faced bat (Centurio senex) is the only species known in the genus Centurio. It can be found in many areas around and within Central America. Although this bat does eat fruit, it is not classified as a fruit bat, and even though it lacks a leaf nose, it is considered a leaf-nosed bat. Its scientific name derives from the Greek word, Centurios, which means “divisions into hundreds” and Senex, which refers to elderly people. This bat holds two recognized subspecies.

The wrinkle-faced bat can reach an average weight of .5 ounces, and it is typically dull brown to brownish yellow in color. The skin flaps that cover the face are more prominent in males than in females, and males bear an extra skin flap that can cover the face like a mask. Its skull differs in shape from other bats, allowing it to have a wider range of food choice. This skull structure also allows the bat to have the strongest biting force of all fruit bats similar in size.

Although the exact mating season of the wrinkle-faced bat is unknown, studies have shown that females may be pregnant between the months of January to August, excluding May. In order to attract a mate, males will secret a musky odor from the area around their chin. The wrinkle-faced bat appears on the IUCN Red List with a conservation status of “Least Concern”.

Image Caption: Wrinkled-faced bat, Centurio senex. Credit: Jplevraud/Wikipedia(CC BY-SA 3.0)