Yellow Oriole

The Yellow Oriole, Icterus nigrogularis, is a passerine bird in the family Icteridae. It breeds in northern South America in Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, the Guianas and northern Brazil. The Yellow Oriole is a bird of open woodland, scrub and gardens. It should not be confused with the Australasian Yellow Oriole, Oriolus flavocinctus, which is an Old World oriole. In Trinidad and Tobago, it is also called the ‘Plantain’ and ‘Small Corn Bird’.

The Yellow Oriole is around 8 inches long and weighs about 1.34 ounces. It has mainly yellow plumage, as its name suggests. The adult male has a black eye mask, thin black throat line, black tail and black wings with a white wing bar and some white feather edging. The female is similar but slightly duller, and the juvenile bird has an olive-tinged yellow back, and lacks black on the face.

The song of the Yellow Oriole is a pleasant melodious fluting, with some buzzing. The call is a cat-like whine with chattering noises. The species eats mainly large insects, but will also consume nectar and some fruits. During the breeding season it lays three green or gray eggs in a 16 inch long hanging basket-like nest that it builds and usually hangs from a long branch.