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Panthera Reference Libraries

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Zanzibar Leopard Panthera pardus adersi
2012-12-27 17:57:46

The Zanzibar leopard (Panthera pardus adersi) is a subspecies of the leopard that may be extinct. It is native to Tanzania, with a range that includes Unguja Island in the Zanzibar archipelago. This subspecies is thought to have occurred when African leopards were isolated on the island after the last Ice Age, creating a smaller form with varying fur patterns. Because the Zanzibar leopard is...

North China Leopard Panthera pardus japonensis
2012-12-27 16:20:55

The North China leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis) is a subspecies of the leopard that can be found in northern areas of China. Its range is extremely fragmented. The average weight of this species varies between males and females, with males reaching a weight of 110 pounds and females reaching a weight of 71 pounds. It is similar in size to the Indochinese leopard, but differs slightly in...

Sri Lankan Leopard Panthera pardus kotiya
2012-12-10 12:05:00

The Sri Lankan leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya) is a subspecies of the leopard that is native to Sri Lanka. The range of this subspecies is highly fragmented, but in some areas, it does occur in high numbers. It prefers many types of habitats including rainforests, arid scrublands, evergreen monsoon forests, upper and lowland forests, and damp forests. The Sri Lankan leopard differs in size...

Panthera leo spelaea
2012-11-16 15:34:04

Commonly known as the Eurasian cave lion or the European cave lion, Panthera leo spelaea is an extinct subspecies of lion. It is thought to have lived during the Pleistocene epoch, and may have lived in the Balkans in southeastern Europe until 2,000 years ago. The range of this cave lion would have included northwestern North America, Asia, and areas of Europe and would have extended from...

Masai Lion Panthera leo nubica
2012-11-16 15:20:46

The Masai lion (Panthera leo nubica), also known as the East African Lion, is a subspecies of the African lion. It can be found in Eastern areas of Africa. Males reach an average body length between 8.2 and 9.8 feet, including the tail, with a weight between 320 and 440 pounds. Masai lions located in northeastern Africa are often classified with P. nubica, which include Tsavo lions...

Transvaal Lion Panthera leo krugeri
2012-11-16 15:10:38

The Transvaal lion or the Southeast African lion (Panthera leo krugeri) is subspecies of the lion. It can be found in southern Africa, with a range that includes the Kalahari Region and Kruger National Park. This species was named after the Transvaal region of southern Africa, where it is thought that the closely related and extinct Cape lion represented the southern population of the species....

American Lion Panthera leo atrox or P atrox
2012-04-26 06:05:05

The American lion (Panthera leo atrox or P. atrox) is also known as the North American lion, American cave lion, or Naegele’s giant jaguar. It is an extinct species that was native to North America and the northwestern parts of South America during the Pleistocene era. It lived up to eleven thousand years ago. During the last interglacial period in North America (the Sangamonian Stage), the...

Bali Tiger
2007-07-16 16:24:33

The Bali Tiger (Panthera tigris balica), also called the Balinese Tiger, is an extinct species of tiger found only on the small Indonesian island of Bali. The tiger was one of three sub-species of tiger found in Indonesia along with the Javan tiger (also extinct) and Sumatran tiger (severely endangered). The Bali Tiger was the smallest of the species and weighed about 198 - 221 pounds....

Barbary Lion
2007-07-16 13:38:13

The Barbary Lion, Panthera leo leo, also known as the Atlas Lion or Nubian Lion, is an extinct subspecies of lion. It was believed to also be extinct in captivity. However, possible individuals or descendants have been located in zoos and circus populations within the last 3 decades. The last known Barbary Lion in the wild was shot in the Atlas Mountains in 1922. Their range extended from...

Cape Lion
2007-07-16 13:36:43

The Cape Lion, Panthera leo melanochaitus, is an extinct wild subspecies of lion. The Cape Lion was not the only subspecies in South Africa, and its range is unclear. It was primarily found in Cape Province around Cape Town. The last Cape Lion seen in the province was killed in 1858. There are claims of people today that have captive Cape lions, although it is unclear how pure bred these...

Word of the Day
barratry
  • The offense of persistently instigating lawsuits, typically groundless ones.
  • An unlawful breach of duty on the part of a ship's master or crew resulting in injury to the ship's owner.
  • Sale or purchase of positions in church or state.
This word ultimately comes from the Old French word 'barater,' to cheat.
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