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Latest Achievement gap in the United States Stories

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2011-03-24 14:55:00

A gap in reading and math scores still exists in lower grades, with boys continuing to outpace girls in math, and girls ahead of boys in reading, two University of Illinois education professors say. Using national longitudinal data to perform their analysis, Joseph P. Robinson and Sarah Lubienski investigated male and female achievement in math and reading, looking for when gender gaps first appeared and where in the distribution the gaps were most prevalent. Except for kindergarteners in the...

2011-03-17 21:05:20

Along with the excitement and anticipation that come with heading off to college, freshmen often find questions of belonging lurking in the background: Am I going to make friends? Are people going to respect me? Will I fit in? Those concerns are trickier for black students and others who are often stereotyped or outnumbered on college campuses. They have good reason to wonder whether they will belong "“ worries that can result in lower grades and a sense of alienation. But when black...

06d4b4fd856c5777b50b6a786b3996371
2011-03-09 10:45:00

By Ellen Ferrante, NSF Writing exercises that reflect upon personal values lead to improvement in minority middle school students' grades and long-term academic performance Can writing about one's personal values enhance academic performance? How does such an exercise create a sense of belonging within the classroom and what impact does this have on students' grades and test scores? Geoffrey Cohen of Stanford University, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns of Columbia University and their collaborators,...

2010-11-30 07:55:13

(Ivanhoe Newswire) "“ A short writing exercise could help college women in physics classes improve their academic performance and reduce some of the well-documented differences between male and female science students. The writing exercise appears to be particularly beneficial to female students who tend to subscribe to the negative stereotype that males perform better in physics, according to this study. Awareness of this so-called gender gap can negatively affect women's performance...

2010-11-16 18:56:11

Doing well in school and feeling accepted by your peers are both important challenges during adolescence. Sometimes these don't fit well together, as when teens are ostracized for being smart. A new study has found that such pressures differ for teens in different racial/ethnic groups, and that characteristics of the teens' schools also play a role. The study, conducted by researchers at Cornell University, appears in the November/December 2010 issue of the journal Child Development. "This is...

2010-07-21 23:00:27

Researchers find evidence that summer reading is key to maintaining or improving students' reading skills To children, the summer slide means water, garden hoses and slippery plastic sheets. To teachers, the "summer slide" is the noted decrease in reading skills after a vacation without books. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, faculty members Richard Allington and Anne McGill-Franzen have completed a three-year study showing a significantly higher level of reading achievement in students...

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2010-06-20 08:10:00

Around the country and throughout the world, politicians and education activists have sought to eliminate the "digital divide" by guaranteeing universal access to home computers, and in some cases to high-speed Internet service. However, according to a new study by scholars at Duke University's Sanford School of Public Policy, these efforts would actually widen the achievement gap in math and reading scores. Students in grades five through eight, particularly those from disadvantaged...

2009-10-20 14:23:28

Exposure to lead in early childhood significantly contributes to lower performances on end-of-grade (EOG) reading tests among minority and low-income children, according to researchers at Duke University and North Carolina Central University. "We found a clear dose-response pattern between lead exposure and test performance, with the effects becoming more pronounced as you move from children at the high end to the low end of the test-score curve," said lead investigator Marie Lynn Miranda,...

2009-10-06 11:01:49

The latest research from the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management explores the wide disparities in advanced high school course-taking (such as Advanced Placement courses) among race, poverty, and gender groups in Florida. The study finds that black and Hispanic students are less likely to enroll in advanced courses than their white peers because they arrive to high school with lower scores on eighth grade statewide exams. In fact, when black and Hispanic students have the same 8th grade...

7c6ab581b76241e1e99b6f61c377bc3b
2009-09-01 09:10:00

High-school put-downs are such a staple of teen culture that many educators don't take them seriously. However, a University of Illinois study suggests that classroom disruptions and psychologically hostile school environments can contribute to a climate in which good students have difficulty learning and students who are behind have trouble catching up. "We need to get away from the idea that bullying is always physical. Bullying can also include verbal harassment, which can be just as...