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Africa Reference Libraries

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Giant Forest Hog Hylochoerus meinertzhageni
2012-05-18 07:49:31

The giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) is the only member in its genus and is native to Africa. It can be found in west and central Africa, in areas like the Rwenzori Mountains and as far east as Mount Kenya and the Ethiopian Highlands. However, it is mainly restricted to the Guinean and Congolian forests. This species was only classified in 1904, and was named after the man who sent...

Greater Cane Rat Thryonomys swinderianus
2012-05-16 12:22:36

The greater cane rat (Thryonomys swinderianus) is one of two species of cane rats found in Africa. They prefer to reside in reed beds or riverbanks south of the Saharan Desert. They have adapted well to urbanization and will also live on plantations. The nocturnal greater cane rat lives in small groups that are led by one alpha male and will make their burrows underground or in grasses. The...

African Pygmy Mouse Mus minutoides
2012-05-15 07:41:59

The African pygmy mouse (Mus minutoides) can be found in the sub-Saharan areas of Africa. This mouse, perhaps the smallest of all rodents, can also be found living as pets around the world. Being social creatures, African pygmy mice will live in colonies preferably around water in grassy areas. When kept as pets, the mice cannot be left alone. Although the underbelly of the African pygmy...

Homotherium
2012-04-30 12:22:54

Homotherium, and extinct genus of machairodontine saber-toothed cats, was native to South America, North America, Europe, Africa, and Asia during the Pliocene era to the Pleistocene era. Homotherium can also be called the scimitar-toothed cat. This cat lived for approximately five million years, most likely dying out around ten thousand years ago. In Africa, Homotherium became extinct around...

Black Sea Cucumber Holothuria atra
2012-04-19 10:48:27

The Black Sea Cucumber (Holothuria atra), also known as the Lollyfish, is a species of marine invertebrate in the Holothuriidae family. It is found in the Indo-Pacific ocean region, extending from the Red Sea and East Africa to Australia. It is found on the seabed, in shallow waters on reefs and sand flats and in sea grass meadows at depths up to 66 feet. It prefers reef flats where it is...

Maccoa Duck Oxyura maccoa
2012-04-02 20:23:12

The Maccoa Duck, (Oxyura maccoa), is a species of duck found in two main breeding areas: one in eastern Africa from Sudan and Ethiopia to Tanzania and west to eastern Zaire; and a second in southern Africa from Zimbabwe to Cape Province, South Africa. The breeding habitat is shallow fresh water. The winter habitat is brackish and saline lakes. This is a small species of stiff-tailed duck, 19...

African Black Duck Anas sparsa
2012-03-22 18:23:56

The African Black Duck, (Anas sparsa), is a species of duck. Though it is a member of the genus Anas, it is genetically close in relation to the mallard group. Even with some peculiarities in behavior and plumage, it has been placed in the subgenus Melananas. It is found in central and southern Africa. It is also commonly known as the Black River Duck, West African Duck or Ethiopian Black Duck....

Yellow Fever
2011-03-04 17:38:30

Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease with a 40 to 50 nm enveloped RNA virus with positive sense of the Flaviviridae family. It is transmitted by the bite of female mosquitoes and is found in tropical and subtropical areas in South America and Africa, but not in Asia. Primates and a few kinds of mosquitoes are the only known hosts. The origin of the disease is most likely Africa....

African Swine Fever Virus
2011-01-05 13:01:59

The African Swine Fever virus, ASFV, is a double-stranded DNA virus that replicates in the cytoplasm of infected cells. It can affect most pigs, wild and domesticated, as well as soft ticks. It is the only virus with a DNA genome that is transmitted by arthropods. The virus causes a lethal hemorrhagic disease in domestic pigs which sometimes leads to death in as little as a week. In every...

Rebbachisaurus
2010-02-04 12:47:55

Rebbachisaurus is a genus of sauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Period (99 million years ago) that lived in what is now Africa. The discovery of this dinosaur, along with the Rayososaurus, a South American dinosaur nearly identical to Rebbachisaurus, supports theories that there was still a land bridge between Africa and South America during the Early Cretaceous, long after it was...

Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
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