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Latest Agricultural Research Service Stories

2010-02-13 08:44:45

For more than two decades, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have been developing new grasses and forages that can hold their own on the rugged rangelands of the western United States. As a result of that work, the scientists have released many improved plant varieties that help restore vegetation communities struggling for survival in the face of extreme weather conditions, wildfires, soil erosion, invasive plant species and other challenges. Research leader Jack Staub and other...

2010-02-05 15:18:21

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists and Montana Microbial Products (MMP) of Butte, Mont., have developed a barley protein concentrate that could be fed to trout and other commercially produced fish. Physiologist Rick Barrows at the ARS Small Grains and Potato Germplasm Research Unit in Aberdeen, Idaho, teamed with MMP to apply for a patent on a new enzymatic method that concentrates barley protein and produces raw material for another valuable commodity--ethanol. This process...

2010-02-02 16:11:52

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have developed an efficient and cost-effective method to speed up the breeding of scab-resistant barley cultivars, thus improving crop quality for small-grain breeders in the Northern Plains. Shiaoman Chao, a molecular geneticist at the ARS Cereal Crops Research Unit in Fargo, N.D., collaborated with scientists from North Dakota State University and the University of Minnesota in the study. Chao used genomics information provided by the breeders...

2010-01-27 13:39:45

Pistachios, almonds and other popular tree nuts might someday be routinely sprayed with a yeast called Pichia anomala. Laboratory and field studies by Agricultural Research Service (ARS) plant physiologist Sui-Sheng (Sylvia) Hua have shown that the yeast competes successfully for nutrients--and space to grow--that might otherwise be used by an unwanted mold, Aspergillus flavus. A. flavus and some other Aspergillus species can produce troublesome toxins known collectively as aflatoxins. Hua...

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2010-01-12 08:38:09

Contact lens wearers may remember headlines from a few years ago about molds that can live on the lenses and may cause debilitating eye infections. What lens users may not have known: Agricultural Research Service (ARS) experts at the agency's National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research in Peoria, Ill., did the detective work necessary to precisely identify the Fusarium molds responsible for what was then a newly emerging medical problem worldwide. The researchers derived the...

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2009-06-05 07:22:10

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have sequenced the genome of a parasite that can kill honey bees. Nosema ceranae is one of many pathogens suspected of contributing to the current bee population decline, termed colony collapse disorder (CCD). Researchers describe the parasite's genome in a study published June 5 in the open-access journal PLoS Pathogens. In 2006, CCD began devastating commercial beekeeping operations, with some beekeepers reporting losses of up to 90 percent,...

2009-05-01 09:00:00

New Chief for USDA's Natural Resources Conservation Service to Preside FRESNO, Calif., May 1 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- California is hosting the U.S. Department of Agriculture's 25-member Agricultural Air Quality Task Force in Fresno on May 6-7, 2009 at the Radisson Hotel at 2233 Ventura Street. The meeting is open to the public. "This is a pivotal time for agriculture and air quality," says Ed Burton, State Conservationist of USDA's Natural Resources Conservation Service in California....

2008-12-09 09:59:43

The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) has released a complete draft assembly of the soybean (Glycine max) genetic code, making it widely available to the research community to advance new breeding strategies for one of the world's most valuable plant commodities. Soybean not only accounts for 70 percent of the world's edible protein, but also is an emerging feedstock for biodiesel production. Soybean is second only to corn as an agricultural commodity and is the...

2008-10-31 00:00:13

On September 29th, Advantage Industries Inc. was awarded the contract to design and build the LABEX-USA website for the ARS office within USDA. This website will serve as a public portal of information between the scientists of two nations and additionally serve as a repository of key documents in the website's secure back-end infrastructure. LABEX-USA is a 'virtual' laboratory in the United States, hosted by USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) for collaborative work with...

2008-10-15 12:00:28

Siemens Energy & Automation and the US Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service have entered into a cooperative research and development agreement that will improve the processes used to convert second generation, non-food-based, biofuel feedstocks into liquid biofuel intermediates, such as bio-oil. As part of the cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA), Logical Innovations of Richmond, Virginia, will work with researchers at US Department of...


Word of the Day
mundungus
  • A stinking tobacco.
  • Offal; waste animal product; organic matter unfit for consumption.
This word comes from the Spanish 'mondongo,' tripe, entrails.