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Agriculture Reference Libraries

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Galway Sheep
2014-09-30 09:49:31

The Galway sheep is a breed of domestic sheep that originated in Galway in western Ireland during the seventeenth century. It was developed after English Longwools were brought to the area, followed by the improved Leicester, which resulted in an early form of the breed known as the Roscommon. Both this type and the modern Galway breed highly resembled the improved Leicester. When the Roscommon...

English Leicester
2014-09-26 10:19:08

The English Leicester, known by many other names including the Leicester, the improved Leicester, and the Leicester longwool, is a breed of domestic sheep that was developed in England during the eighteenth century by Robert Bakewell. It was one of the first purebred sheep breeds to be introduced into Australia and is one of a few remaining pure sheep breeds. Today, it can be found in many...

Dorpor
2014-09-25 08:56:51

The Dorpor is a breed of domestic sheep that was developed in South Africa during the 1930’s by crossbreeding the Blackhead Persian sheep and the Dorset Horn sheep for the purpose of creating a sheep that could produce meat in arid areas of the region. Today, the breed can be found throughout South Africa and in other areas including Australia. The Dorper Sheep Breeders Society of South...

Cotswold Sheep
2014-09-25 08:43:41

The Cotswold sheep is a breed of domestic sheep that originated from and was named after the Cotswold Hills in England. Some experts assert that this breed was present in this area of England when the Romans arrived sometime around 54 B.C., during which time legend says they discovered sheepcotes along the hills. Later, the area was supposedly given the Anglo-Saxon name of Cottes-wealds, which...

Boreray
2014-09-22 13:15:04

The Boreay, also known as the Hebridean blackface or the Boreray blackface, is a breed of domestic sheep that originated on the islands of the St Kilda archipelago off the coast of Scotland. Today it survives as a feral breed on the island of Boreay and is the last of the crofter’s sheep that were developed on the islands during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, which were removed from...

Barbados Blackbelly Sheep
2014-09-22 08:17:04

The Barbados black belly sheep is a breed of domestic sheep that was developed on the island of Barbados in the Caribbean, although it has been found to have some African ancestry. The USDA imported a small flock of this breed in 1904 for the purpose of scientific study and there are now two distinct breeds, creating some confusion with the names. The purebred Barbados blackbelly sheep has no...

Awassi Sheep
2014-09-17 10:42:28

The Awassi sheep is a breed of domestic sheep that originated in the Syro-Arabian desert. Today, it can be found in many areas including Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Palestine, and Lebanon and it is the most common sheep throughout the Arab countries. This breed is a natural choice to keep in these areas, as it is able to survive in harsh conditions and is able to efficiently provide...

Arapawa Sheep
2014-09-16 10:49:57

The Arapawa sheep is a breed of domestic sheep that is typically only found on Arapawa Island in New Zealand. It is thought that this breed has been isolated on the island since 1867 and although there are many theories regarding its origin, it is most widely accepted that it is a descendant Merino strains from Australia. Because the Arapawa sheep has lived in an area with harsh terrain for...

Welsh Harlequin
2014-09-08 20:14:56

The Welsh harlequin is a breed of domestic duck that was developed in Wales during the twentieth century. Its development began in 1949, when Leslie Bonnet found a coloration mutation in one member of his flock of Khaki Campbells. By 1968, after selectively breeding his flock to hold this color, eggs that would hatch successfully were brought to the United States and later live ducks were...

Magpie Duck
2014-09-08 12:28:35

The magpie duck is a breed of domestic duck that originated in the United Kingdom during the nineteenth century. The breed was developed by Oliver Drake and M.C. Gower-Williams, who most likely used selective breeding techniques with the Belgian Huttegem, a breed that was highly similar to the magpie duck. Although it was brought to the United States in 1963 and accepted by the American...

Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
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