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Latest AIDS dementia complex Stories

2012-07-15 06:20:11

VANCOUVER, British Columbia, July 15, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Gait disturbances - such as a slowing of walking pace or a more variable stride - could indicate a decline in cognitive function, according to new research studies reported today at the Alzheimer's Association's International Conference® 2012 (AAIC® 2012). "With an aging baby boomer generation advancing into greater risk for Alzheimer's and dementia, it is important for physicians to be aware of the associations...

2012-05-23 06:26:17

Findings offer a fresh look at developmental and degenerative brain diseases BOSTON, May 23, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- We're born with our brains prewired, but as information comes in from our environment, this circuitry is updated. A study from Boston Children's Hospital provides a new glimpse of how this happens: Brain cells known as microglia, tuned into the crosstalk between neurons, literally engulf unnecessary connections, known as synapses, and prune them away. The study,...

2012-04-25 11:43:34

BBSRC-funded researchers at Cambridge University have shed new light on a common food poisoning bug. Using real-time video microscopy, coupled with mathematical modeling, they have changed our assumptions about Salmonella and how it infects human cells. The research was published in Interface. Salmonella is an important bacterium to study as it causes a range of diseases in humans and animals. It is capable of growing and reproducing inside macrophages - a type of white blood cell that...

2012-04-06 11:10:13

Cognitive and psychiatric impairments are common among long-term survivors of acute lung injury (ALI), and these impairments can be assessed using a telephone-based test battery, according to a new study. "Neuropsychological impairment is increasingly being recognized as an important outcome among survivors of critical illness, but neuropsychological function in long-term ALI survivors has not been assessed in a multi-center trial, and evidence on the etiology of these impairments in ALI...

2012-03-01 02:07:56

A study recently published by the University of Kentucky's Scott Livingston shows that physiological problems stemming from a concussion may continue to present in the patient even after standard symptoms subside. Currently, concussions are diagnosed and monitored through a patient's self-reported symptoms (including headache, confusion or disorientation, poor concentration, and memory loss) and through computerized neuropsychological testing programs, which measure cognitive abilities...

2012-02-16 14:16:10

Simple tests such as walking speed and hand grip strength may help doctors determine how likely it is a middle-aged person will develop dementia or stroke. That's according to new research that was released today and will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 64th Annual Meeting in New Orleans April 21 to April 28, 2012. "These are basic office tests which can provide insight into risk of dementia and stroke and can be easily performed by a neurologist or general...

2012-02-13 15:01:00

A new study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society reveals that brief cognitive screenings combined with offering further evaluation increased new diagnoses of cognitive impairment in older veterans two to three fold. Led by J. Riley McCarten, MD, of the Minneapolis VA Health Care System and the University of Minnesota, researchers assessed the effect of screening on diagnosing cognitive impairment in patients who were seen in VA primary care clinics and had no...

2012-02-13 13:19:43

New findings show how some cells protect themselves against HIV A protein that protects some of our immune cells from the most common and virulent form of HIV works by starving the virus of the molecular building blocks that it needs to replicate, according to research published online in Nature Immunology. The finding comes from an international team of researchers including scientists from the University of Rochester Medical Center, NYU Langone Medical Center, several institutions in...

2012-02-09 10:36:50

The treatment for moderate-to-severe memory impairment could one day include a prescription for a smartphone. Baycrest has published the strongest evidence yet that a smartphone training program, theory-driven and specifically designed for individuals with memory impairment, can result in "robust" improvements in day-to-day functioning, and boost independence and confidence levels. The promising results appear online this week, ahead of print publication, in the international journal...

2012-02-09 07:42:58

(Ivanhoe Newswire) — In low- and middle-income countries, mild cognitive impairment–an intermediate state between normal signs of cognitive aging, such as becoming increasingly forgetful, and dementia, which may or may not progress–is consistently associated with higher disability and with neuropsychiatric symptoms, but not with most socio-demographic factors. "This is one of the first studies, to our knowledge, to investigate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment...