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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 21:24 EDT

Latest Albinism Stories

2014-02-28 14:12:15

Early humans may have evolved black skin to protect against a very high risk of dying from ultraviolet light (UV)-induced skin cancer, a new analysis concludes. Skin cancer has usually been rejected as the most likely selective pressure for the development of black skin because of a belief that it is only rarely fatal at ages young enough to affect reproduction. But a new paper, published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, cites evidence that black people with albinism from parts of...

Gene Mutations Rock Pigeon Pigmentation Have Implications For Human Medical Research
2014-02-07 10:54:14

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of American researchers has discovered mutations in three genes that determine feather color in domestic rock pigeons, according to a new study in Current Biology. The same genes direct the pigmentation of human skin – meaning the findings may have implications for medical research. "Mutations in these genes can be responsible for skin diseases and conditions such as melanoma and albinism," said study author Michael Shapiro,...

Social Experience Creates Empathetic, Pro-social Behavior In Rats
2014-01-14 11:22:21

[ Watch The Video: Social Experiences Determine Whether Rats Will Help Strangers ] University of Chicago Medical Center Rats will help a stranger in distress only if they have had prior social experience with the type of the unfamiliar individual Empathy-driven behavior has been observed in rats who will free trapped companions from restrainers. This behavior also extends toward strangers, but requires prior, positive social interactions with the type (strain) of the unfamiliar...

2013-03-29 23:02:37

International Academy of Low Vision Specialists, founding member, Dr. Randolph Kinkade prescribes new bioptic telescopic glasses for retired basketball coach suffering from vision loss. Manchester, CT (PRWEB) March 29, 2013 Former women's high school basketball coach William Baiocchi thought he had discovered a whole new definition to the term March Madness when failing vision forced him to the sidelines of his beloved game. Baiocchi, 67, suffers from a rare genetic condition called...

2012-03-16 06:20:42

SAN DIEGO and RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C., March 16, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Stiefel, a GSK company, announced today that Hats On For Skin Health, its global campaign with the International League of Dermatological Societies (ILDS), has raised enough funds to produce 15,000 sun-protective hats for albinos living in East Africa and has already distributed more than 2,000 hats. The hats are being distributed from Tanzania, where estimates are that 98 percent of albino children will die before the...

2011-09-27 09:25:45

Individuals with oculocutaneous albinism, type 1 (OCA1) have white hair, very pale skin, and light-colored irises because they have none, or very little, of the pigment melanin in their skin, hair, and eyes. Affected individuals have impaired eyesight and a substantially increased risk of skin cancer. Current treatment options are limited to attempts to correct eyesight and counseling to promote the use of sun protective measures. A team of researchers, led by Brian Brooks, at the National...

2011-05-10 13:08:52

A study by scientists at Schepens Eye Research Institute shows that a bioptic telescope on one lens of a pair of glasses used to magnify traffic signs and lights may not prevent the wider view of the road with the second eye. The study results, which will be published in the May 2011 Archives of Ophthalmology, are the first evidence that--under more realistic viewing conditions than in earlier studies--the second eye can detect objects in the area obscured by the magnification effect of the...

2011-05-09 15:00:00

BOSTON, May 9, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A study by scientists at Schepens Eye Research Institute shows that a bioptic telescope on one lens of a pair of glasses used to magnify traffic signs and lights may not prevent the wider view of the road with the second eye. The study results, which will be published in the May 2011 Archives of Ophthalmology, are the first evidence that -- under more realistic viewing conditions than in earlier studies -- the second eye can detect objects in...

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2009-05-20 14:37:02

Researchers have confirmed the first ever sighting of a white southern elephant seal on a sub-Antarctic beach, BBC News reported. Unusual colors are more common in eared seals such as sea lions and fur seals, but such a thing is rare for true seals, a group that includes elephant seals. The journal Polar Biology published details of the seal, which has creamy white fur but normal brown eyes and nose. Ryan Reisinger of the University of Pretoria in South Africa, one of the researchers who...

2009-05-13 08:17:53

Arthropods and mollusks are Nature's true bluebloods "“ thanks to hemocyanin, an oxygen-carrying large protein complex, which can even be turned into the enzymatically active chemical phenoloxidase. Scientists have long known that members of the phenoloxidase family are involved in skin and hair coloring. When they are mutated, they can cause albinism "“ the loss of coloring in skin and hair. Produced over abundantly, they are associated with the deadly skin cancer melanoma. In an...