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Latest Alcohol dependence Stories

2009-10-21 12:55:19

There is ample evidence for the genetic influence of alcohol dependence, and ongoing studies are actively looking for specific genes that may confer this increased susceptibility. In addition, while it is well-known that individual risk is increased with the number of relatives with alcohol dependence, scientists have not been in a position to identify who among these individuals might have greater or lesser risk. Biological Psychiatry is now publishing an article in which researchers...

2009-09-21 13:06:09

The high number of bars in rural America has been linked to higher suicide rates and higher attempted suicide rates, U.S. researchers say. Fred W. Johnson of the Prevention Research Center at Texas A&M University said there is a strong relationship between drinking and suicide. In any given year, people with alcohol dependence commit more than 20 percent of suicides in the general population; while 80 percent to 90 percent of alcohol dependence suicides are by men, mostly white, Johnson...

2009-09-19 10:10:06

* People who begin drinking at an early age are more likely to subsequently develop alcohol dependence (AD). * A new study has found that age at first drink (AFD) may enhance the role of genetic factors that are already associated with vulnerability to AD symptoms. * Heritable influences on AD symptoms were considerably greater in those who reported an AFD younger than 15 years of age. Individuals who begin drinking at an early age are more likely to subsequently develop alcohol dependence...

2009-09-19 10:00:19

Cytokines are small proteins secreted by cells that serve as molecular messengers between cells. Pro-inflammatory cytokines "“ which function in the immune system "“ may be involved in alcohol dependence (AD). A study of three polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 gene complex (IL-1) and one of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFÃŽ±) has found that IL-1 may directly contribute to AD among Spanish Caucasian males. Results will be published in the December issue of...

2009-06-30 11:55:00

  The results will be published in the renowned American scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).Ghrelin is a hormone produced by the stomach and, by signalling in the brain, increases hunger. The new finding, that it is also involved in alcohol addiction, highlights the reward system of the brain as a key target for ghrelin's effects. "Ghrelin's actions in the brain may be of importance for all kinds of addictions, including chemical drugs such as...

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2009-06-06 06:30:00

Substantial rates of alcohol-related injuries could be curtailed by postponing the start of alcohol consumption, Reuters reported. Consultations with a fair accounting of the of U.S. adult population give support for a connection with "starting to drink at an early age and not only unintentionally injuring oneself while under the influence of alcohol, but with injuring other people", Dr. Ralph W. Hingson said.  A report in the journal Pediatrics by Hingson and Dr. Wenxing Zha, both from...

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2009-01-26 11:55:00

U.S. researchers said on Sunday that at least one in five men in developed countries are at risk of abusing or becoming dependent on alcohol during their lifetimes. Women, on the other hand, have only half that risk, with an 8 to 10 percent chance of becoming dependent on alcohol. The researchers said there is help in the form of several effective treatments, despite the popular belief that nothing works. Dr. Marc Schuckit of the Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System and the University...

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2008-05-07 00:25:00

Since World War II, alcohol consumption among American-born women has markedly increased, tightening the alcohol dependence gap between men and women. A recent study, conducted by Dr. Richard A. Grucza of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, compared women born between 1944 and 1953 with those born between 1954 and 1963. It was published in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Grucza and his team analyzed two alcohol consumption surveys that were...

2007-09-17 09:00:44

FARMINGTON, Conn., Sept. 17 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Coinciding with National Recovery Month (September), NAABT, Inc. proudly announces the launch of http://www.alcoholanswers.org/ AlcoholAnswers.org is an Evidence-based Resource Website providing educational information on Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol Dependence (Alcoholism). What is Evidence-based? Evidence-based thinking is a process by which diverse sources of information (research, theory, practice principles, practice guidelines,...


Word of the Day
humgruffin
  • A terrible or repulsive person.
Regarding the etymology of 'humgruffin,' the OED says (rather unhelpfully) that it's a 'made-up word.' We might guess that 'hum' comes from 'humbug' or possibly 'hum' meaning 'a disagreeable smell,' while 'gruffin' could be a combination of 'gruff' and 'griffin.'